Today we turn to one of those strong theories of rights. Strong theories of rights say individuals matter not just as instruments to be used for a larger social purpose or for the sake of maximizing utility. Individuals are separate beings with separate lives worthy of respect and so it’s a mistake, according to strong theories rights, it’s a mistake to think about justice or law by just getting up preferences and values.
The strong rights theory we turn to today is libertarianism. Libertarianism take individual rights seriously. it’s called libertarianism because it says the fundamental individual right is the right to liberty, precisely because we are separate individual beings we’re not available to any use that the society might desire or devise. precisely because we’re individual separate human beings, we have a fundamental right to liberty and that means a right to choose freely to live our lives as we please provided we respect other people’s rights to do the same.